The lock is marked "1863/TOWER" at the center and St. Edward's Crown without the "VR" below at the rear indicating this was a commercial arm, not one accepted by the British government. Many British companies exported rifles for use by both the Confederacy and the Union during the American Civil War. In fact, the Pattern 1853 "Enfield" is said to be the second most widely used rifle of the war. This example further solidifies its ties to Confederate use in that it is deeply stamped with an "anchor/S" ahead of the buttplate tang, a mark that has only recently been substantiated by verified researchers as a mark indicating a Confederate imported musket, with most of these marked as such believed to have delivered through the port of Wilmington, North Carolina. Solid front sight that doubles as a bayonet lug, and 900 yard ladder rear sight. The barrel has the standard double 25 bore size marks indicating .577 caliber. “J. BOURNE” stamped at the toe of the stock, the name of the contractor who made the rifle. Joseph Bourne's "crown/JB" mark is also located on the top barrel flat at the breech as well as stamped in the stock behind the lower tang ahead of another crown stamp. "E. DIXON" stamped at the tail of the left stock flat, likely the assembler of the rifle. A Birmingham Small Arms Trade roundel is stamped in the right of the buttstock. Includes a period socket bayonet.
Very good as Confederate issued, exhibiting gray and brown patina with some scattered light pitting, and defined edges and sharp markings in the metal overall. Brass retains an attractive golden aged patina. Stock is also very good with some light general wear, scattered dents, chips, and scratches, mostly defined edges, and mostly clear stampings. Mechanically excellent. Included bayonet is very good with scattered light to moderate pitting and defined edges.
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