Rock Island Auction Company

Lot 1081: Exceptional Smith's Patent Breech Loading Civil War Carbine

Auction Date: September 10, 2016

Price Realized:
Estimated Price: $4,000 - $6,000

Exceptional Smith's Patent Breech Loading Civil War Carbine

Manufacturer: Poultney & Trimble
Model: Smith
Type: Carbine
Gauge: 50
Barrel: 21 5/8 inch part octagon
Finish: blue/casehardened
Stock: walnut
Item Views: 1316
Serial Number:
Catalog Page: 67
Class: Antique

The Smith Carbine was manufactured by the American Machine Works of Springfield, Massachusetts and was one of the most important Federal Cavalry carbines. Designed by Gilbert Smith, the production of this breech loading percussion carbine was almost entirely consumed by government contracts, with limited numbers going to the civilian market. A total of 30,362 Smith Carbines were purchased by the United States during the Civil War. Smith Carbines were considered to be accurate and reliable weapons. Standard three sets of markings on the left side of the frame "MANUFACTURED BY/AM'N M'CH'N. WKS/SPRINGFIELD MASS", agents' names "ADDRESS/POULTNEY & TRIMBLE/BALTIMORE U.S.A." and "SMITH'S PATENT / JUNE 23, 1857". Dovetail brass blade front sight and folding leaf rear sight absent of yard markings. Breech loading action with barrel release latch inside the trigger guard, freeing the barrel to pivot downward. Casehardened hammer and action with a saddle ring and bar mounted on the left side of the frame with a smooth forearm and straight grip walnut stock with a steel buttplate. The left side of the barrel has a U.S. Government inspector's initials of "LFR", a "W" at the rear of the lower tang, with a oval script "JH" cartouche on the left side of the stock wrist and a small "JH" on top of the stock directly ahead of the buttplate tang.

Rating Definition:

Excellent. The barrel retains 95% original blue finish mixed with smooth plum patina. The barrel latch retains 98% of the original bright blue finish with some minor spotting. The trigger guard retains 95% plus original bright blue finish with some minor wear and spotting. The buttplate and barrel band retains half of the blue mixed with a smooth brown patina, and the receiver retains 95% plus original bright vivid case colors. The wood is also excellent with some overall scattered minor pressure dings and crisp cartouche. Mechanically excellent. An unissued Smith's Patent Civil War carbine.

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