The Model 1795 was the first model manufactured by the young U.S. government at the new armories in Springfield, Massachusetts, and Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Like many early U.S. martial arms, it is copied from a French pattern, in this case the Model 1763/66 "Charleville" musket that was used by patriot forces during the Revolution. They remained in production into the War of 1812 and in use well-beyond and went through multiple production variations. This is what collectors have called a Type I (1799-1806). No examples dated prior to 1799 are known. The buttplate is dated "1799," and the lock has an eagle over "US" at the center and "SPRINGFIELD" in an arch on the tail and the early curled toe on the frizzen. The barrel has a bayonet stud on top near the muzzle and "P/eagle head/V" and "US" marks at the breech. The upper barrel band has a brass blade front sight on the rear, and sling swivels are fitted to the middle barrel band and a stud through the trigger guard finial. "IF" is marked on the trigger plate. The stock has a fluted comb, an "A" on the left flat, and an "N" by the trigger guard tang. The socket bayonet is unmarked. A collection marking is on the trigger guard bow.
Very good with a mix of dark brown patina, mild oxidation, moderate pitting concentrated at the breech, worn markings, repaired bayonet stud and front sight, minor cracks in the otherwise fine stock, and general mild scrapes and dings. The bayonet has gray patina and mild pitting and does not fit. Mechanically fine.
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