Rock Island Auction Company

Lot 133: Barton H. Jenks Model 1867 Rolling Block Military Rifle

Auction Date: June 5, 2020

Incredibly Scarce Barton H. Jenks Model 1867 Rolling Block Military Rifle

Price Realized:
Estimated Price: $2,500 - $4,000

Incredibly Scarce Barton H. Jenks Model 1867 Rolling Block Military Rifle

Manufacturer: American
Model: Single Shot
Type: Rifle
Gauge: 50 CF
Barrel: 36 1/4 inch round
Finish: bright
Stock: walnut
Item Views: 1533
Serial Number:
Catalog Page: 107
Class: Antique

Relatively little is known about these post-war breech loading rifles. Only a few prototypes/trials rifles and carbines were likely produced around 1867. Some of the components are clearly adapted from the Bridesburg Civil War rifle-muskets. The operation is somewhat similar to the Remington rolling block design. Pulling the breech block open also cocks the hammer. This one was originally rimfire but was converted to centerfire. See "The Men Behind the Guns" by John Walter in "Classic Arms & Militaria" from June/July 2016 for patent diagrams and images of the carbine version submitted to trials in 1867 as well as information about Barton H. Jenks. During the Civil War, Alfred Jenks & Son ran the Bridesburg Armory and manufactured around 200 rifle-muskets a day for the Union war effort. The company's usual products in peace were textile related equipment. Barton Howard Jenks (1824-1896), son of Alfred Jenks and nephew of fellow arms inventor William Jenks, also raised and armed the "Bridesburg Volunteers" to defend his home state of Pennsylvania. The left side of the frame is marked "BARTON. H. JENKS/eagle head/PHILADELPHIA/U.S," and the upper tang has "MODEL/1867." The front sight is absent, and the rear sight is the same as those used on the Civil War rifle-muskets.

Rating Definition:

Fine with mostly dark brown patina, some light silver-gray areas, moderate surface oxidation concentrated on the muzzle section, patches of light pitting, and moderate overall wear mainly from age and storage. The wood is also fine and has general scrapes and dings and mild edge wear. The mainspring is a little weak, but it is otherwise mechanically fine. This is a very scarce rifle and is certainly a piece that will add interest to any American military collection.

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