Springfield Armory manufactured 4,021 of these distinctive dual purpose weapons in 1855-1857. They are one of only three handguns manufactured at Springfield with intent to provide the U.S. Cavalry and Dragoon regiments with weapons that could be used as carbines for dismounted action and as pistols for use on horseback. The results were less than satisfactory, and they were also already rather outdated from their inception given Colt's Dragoon series which could also mount shoulder stocks but offered more shots and functioned better as handguns. Nonetheless, they are known to have been used into the Civil War, including by Confederate forces. This example is dated "1855" on the lock and barrel tang, and has standard markings and features. "5" is marked on the rear of the pommel cap. Included shoulder stock is marked "4" on the underside of the joint piece and "US" on the buttplate tang.
Good with scattered moderate pitting, and clear markings on the lock. The pistol stock is very good as lightly sanded and re-oiled with light dents and scratches, and a hairline crack visible on the right of the grip. The shoulder stock is very good with scattered light dents and scratches. All brass fittings retain a pleasing aged patina. Mechanically fine.
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