Rock Island Auction Company

Lot 237: Civil War P.S. Justice Percussion Rifled-Musket with Bayonet

Auction Date: December 3, 2021

Rare Documented Civil War P.S. Justice Type II Percussion Rifled-Musket with Saber Bayonet

Price Realized:
Estimated Price: $2,500 - $4,000

Rare Documented Civil War P.S. Justice Type II Percussion Rifled-Musket with Saber Bayonet

Manufacturer: Justice P S
Model: Percussion-Rifle
Type: Rifle
Gauge: 69
Barrel: 33 1/16 inch round
Finish: bright
Stock: walnut
Item Views: 349
Item Interest: Average
Serial Number:
Catalog Page: 114
Class: Antique

Manufactured by P.S. Justice of Philadelphia between 1861-1862. These Justice Type II rifles are described on pages 381-384 of George D. Moller's book "American Military Shoulder Arms Volume III", with the lock of this exact rifle pictured on page 382. Page 381 of the book states, "Only a handful of examples are known of brass-mounted Justice rifles with barrels retained by lateral flat keys instead of bands. Because these rifles differ significantly from each other, it is possible that they were prototype or sample arms. The barrel lengths of known examples are 40", 39", or 33 1/16"." Features a pinched blade front sight, right side mounted Model 1855 rifle style bayonet stud for use with a saber bayonet, brass end cap with "70 R" stamped on the left side, fixed leaf V notch rear sight, barrel retained by two flat keys, a distinctive brass trigger guard with double curve profile, Sharps type patch box, and brass butt plate. The steel ramrod has a straight shank with tulip head. "P39" marked on top of the barrel behind the front sight. "61" marked on the underside of the barrel towards the muzzle. "P.S. JUSTICE/PHILADA" marked on top of the barrel in two lines behind the rear sight, on the lock plate, and on the blade of the included brass handled saber bayonet which is also marked "P85" on the guard. Also includes a period leather sling. "GDM" (George D. Moller) collection initials marked at the toe of the stock. Provenance: The George Moller Collection

Rating Definition:

Fine with some patches of light pitting, and clear markings in the metal besides the absent head of the eagle on the lock which appears to have been a partial stamp. Stock is very good with attractive grain, some scattered scratches and dents, a gouge on top of the wrist, a few discreet repairs around the lock and at the toe, and slightly undersized at the toe. Mechanically excellent. Included bayonet is also fine with attractive dark patina on the brass grip with light pitting on the fine blade with otherwise sharp edges. Sling is fine.

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