Rock Island Auction Company

Lot 541: U.S. Inspected Colt Model 1902 Military Semi-Automatic Pistol

Auction Date: December 3, 2021

Desirable and Scarce U.S. Inspected Colt Model 1902 Military Semi-Automatic Pistol

Price Realized:
Estimated Price: $5,500 - $8,500

Desirable and Scarce U.S. Inspected Colt Model 1902 Military Semi-Automatic Pistol

Manufacturer: Colt
Model: 1902 Military
Type: Pistol
Gauge: 38 Colt auto
Barrel: 6 inch round
Finish: blue
Grip: hard rubber
Item Views: 436
Item Interest: Active
Serial Number:
Catalog Page: 315
Class: Curio & Relic Handgun
Bore Condition: -

Manufactured in 1902, the first year of production, this pistol was in the second shipment of 100 Military Model of 1902 pistols sent by Colt to Springfield Armory on 23 July 1902. This pistol was one of the first 200 pistols ordered by the Ordnance Department for testing in their continued efforts to find an automatic pistol suitable for military adoption. They incorporated many of the recommendations from officers in the field that were submitted during testing of the Model 1900, including very similar slide checkering to the sketch submitted by Lieutenant Odus C. Horney, which is pictured on p. 34 of "U.S. Military Automatic Pistols 1894-1920" by Meadows. The purchase of these pistols had been approved by the Board of Ordnance and Fortification on 11 January 1902, after a sample pistol had been tested in December of the previous year. After receiving and inspecting these 200 pistols at the armory, they were sent to troops at Forts Riley and Leavenworth in Kansas, as well as Jefferson Barracks in Missouri for field trials. Again, the feedback given from the field trials was mostly negative and they were deemed "...not as satisfactory a pistol as the revolver." In 1909, 62 of these pistols that were deemed serviceable were sold off as surplus alongside some of the older Model 1900 pistols. A few Model 1902 pistols were retained for Ordnance Department historical collections. This example is marked with the two-line Browning's patent and Colt address markings on the left of the slide arranged in two blocks, with a circled Rampant Colt at the rear. The right side is marked "MODEL 1902" and with the two-line caliber marking. The right side of the frame and trigger guard have the "R.A.C." inspection mark of Rinaldo A. Carr and the "J.T.T." acceptance mark of Captain John T. Thompson. The left side of the frame and trigger guard have the serial number and "U.S." marking. The slide has the forward checkering on each side, and blade and notch sights. It is fitted with a rounded checkered hammer, checkered hard rubber grips with "COLT" banners and Rampant Colts, a lanyard loop stud on the left of the grip frame (with loop missing), and a correct nickeled magazine with "PAT'D SEPT.9.1884" on the base.

Rating Definition:

Very good plus, retains 30% of the original high polish blue finish, 25% of the original niter blue, and faint original case colors with the balance mostly a smooth grey patina and a few scattered patches of very light surface pitting. The grips are also very good with some scattered minor handling marks and mild wear. Mechanically excellent.

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