Rock Island Auction Company

Lot 1117: Peabody Breech Loading Carbine

Auction Date: August 27, 2022

Exceptional Peabody Breech Loading Carbine

Price Realized:
Estimated Price: $3,500 - $4,500

Exceptional Peabody Breech Loading Carbine

Manufacturer: Providence Tool Company
Model: Peabody
Type: Carbine
Gauge: 50 rimfire
Barrel: 20 inch round
Finish: blue/casehardened
Stock: walnut
Item Views: 280
Item Interest: Average
Serial Number:
Catalog Page: 92
Class: Antique

Peabody Breech-Loading Carbine manufactured by the Providence Tool Co. of Providence, Rhode Island c. 1866-1871. The Peabody Carbine was developed and tested in 1864, but the end of the Civil War terminated Ordnance Department interest in the carbine. Large numbers of Peabody rifles and carbines were sold to Canada, France, Mexico and Spain. Post-war sales of Peabody rifles and carbines in the United States were limited to three state contracts. South Carolina purchased 350 .50 caliber Peabody carbines originally manufactured for a French contract. The carbine has a military blue barrel with block front sight and two-leaf folding rear sight. The barrel band, receiver, breech block, hammer, side plate, lever and buttplate are color casehardened. A staple-mounted carbine sling ring is mounted at the junction of the left side of the stock and the receiver. The stock and forearm are oil-finished black walnut. The left side of the receiver is roll-stamped: "PEABODY'S PAT./JULY 22. 1862/MAN'F'D BY/PROVIDENCE TOOL CO./PROV. R.I." in five lines. The oval "WC" Providence Tool Co. inspection mark which was stamped on all Peabody carbines manufactured for foreign contracts is stamped on the left side of the stock wrist. The carbine has small single block letter sub-inspection marks on most components but no foreign or state property marks.

Rating Definition:

Excellent, this carbine is all original. The barrel has all of the dull military blue finish and shows minimal storage or handling wear. The casehardened components retain 98% of the case colors. The stock and forearm remain in very good condition, showing a mended crack on the left side of the forearm; all the original oil finish remains with minimal handling or storage wear. This is an excellent example of a Peabody Breech Loading Carbine that would be difficult to improve upon.

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