December 16, 2019
By Danielle Hollembaek
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In our many auctions at RIAC, some of the most sought after guns are the legendary Colt Single Action Army revolvers. The cowboy guns are popular among history buffs, collectible gun enthusiasts, and newcomer collectors alike. We have sold some highly embellished and extremely historic Colt Single Action Army revolvers in our years of operation. Let’s take a trip down memory lane and take a look at the top 10 we have ever sold.
We should also mention, that while there are many ways to select a "Top 10" list for Colt Peacemakers, these are the Top 10 SAA revolvers as determined solely by their sale price at Rock Island Auction Company events. In this list we excluded pairs and groupings of revolvers in favor of guns who brought massive sale prices all on their own. Now let's get to the guns!
Rock Island Auction Company proudly presents this historic and fresh offering: the last of a generation, the last of an icon, the last factory engraved, 1st Generation Colt Single Action Army revolver. This revolver was shipped only 47 days prior to the infamous Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. It was this vicious attack that caused the U.S. to enter the war only a day later on December 8th, 1941.
For decades, serial number 357600 (previously sold by RIAC) was thought to be the last factory engraved 1st Generation SAA until the discovery of this magnificent specimen, 357689, only 89 numbers later. When considering true 1st Generation, pre-war Colt Single Actions and the last production figure quoted as number "357,869," its imperative to note the 300 pre-war/post-war models that were assembled from parts beginning in 1947. For further perspective, RIAC alone has sold SEVEN, with a higher serial number than this revolver, 357689, that were assembled after the war.
In fact this, is the highest serial number pre-war Single Action we have ever sold. It sold during the June 2020 Premier Auction for $195,500 at Rock Island Auction Company.
This is an exceptional and rare U.S. Contract Colt Single Action Army Cavalry Model Revolver that was manufactured in 1873. This revolver was inspected by Ordnance Sub-Inspector Orville W. Ainsworth and is stamped with his distinctive small "A" sub-inspection mark on the underside of the barrel, the trigger guard, back strap, cylinder, and left stock heel.
This Ainsworth inspected 4th Cavalry marked Colt Cavalry Model Single Action Army Revolver has been described as the best example available by two nationally recognized experts on Colt revolvers. The inclusion of this U.S. Colt SAA enhances any collection. This is the king of all U.S. Colt Single Action Cavalries! It sold during the September 2020 Premier Auction for $207,000.
This revolver was given to General Barton as a Christmas present in 1922 when he was Adjutant General of the State of Texas and as such was in command of the Texas Rangers. Barton had a long successful career serving in the United States Armed Forces as well as the Texas Rangers. A veteran of multiple wars throughout the early 20th century, Barton fought in the Spanish-American War as well as World War I.
Later, the revolver was given to Frank Hamer, the Texas Ranger most famous for his apprehension of bank robbers, Bonnie and Clyde. Further adding to its already exuding historical significance, this revolver boasts the ownership of two very prominent members of the Texas Rangers and is absolutely gorgeous to boot.
A true piece of Texas Ranger and Colt history with unparalleled provenance most certainly suitable for the finest private or public collections! It sold in the fall of 2020 for $258,750 at Rock Island Auction Company.
This Colt Single Action Army is fairly similar to many of the Dalton gang Colt Single Action Army revolvers. However, this particular gun was personally used by Bob Dalton himself. It is fascinating that the notorious outlaw gang used such high class and embellished revolvers for bank robberies, but according to Emmet Dalton of the gang, Bob wanted the most flamboyant and memorable guns to eclipse Jesse James and the James-Younger gang.
The double bank robbery in Coffeyville was another attempt to out-do the rival outlaw squad. This Colt Single Action Army was used by Bob Dalton during the Coffeyville Raid according to copious documentation. It was on loan to the Dalton Museum from the 1960s until 1991 when the private collector who loaned the gun passed away and his family inherited the revolver.
This Colt Single Action Army has extensive documentation and a provenance few SAA revolvers can live up to. The gun is also great looking, with floral scroll and punch dot engraving on the barrel and frame. It sold during the September 2012 Premier Firearms Auction for $322,000.
Did someone say... Deja Vu? Bob Dalton met his fate on October 5, 1892, when he and a group of accomplices attempted to rob two different banks in the same town on the same day. Due to poor planning, bad luck, and the readiness of the well-armed citizens of Coffeyville, Kansas, Dalton and the rest of the gang never made it out of the town alive. Recovered off the still-warm body of the famed outlaw was his trusted Colt Single Action Army revolver, adorned with attractive engraving and pearl grips.
The Dalton Gang is now considered one of the last of the notable frontier outlaw gangs that stalked the lawless American West. Over 100 years later, the revolver found itself up for auction at Rock Island Auction Company where it sold for $345,000 during the September 2020 Premier Firearms Auction.
It is not every day that we auction a gun that was hidden for decades behind books in a historic home, but this revolver was one of those rare finds. Being one of only two Buntline 16-inch barrel revolvers that were set aside for Colt employees makes this gun exceptionally special. The other Colt SAA revolver of this kind is on display in the Colt Museum.
The gun has masterfully sculpted, special order English stocks and the barrel has a dovetail-mounted, nickel-silver rifle front sight and special flat-top frame with gas port, a feature that makes this Colt Single Action Army stand out amongst all others. The gun was identified by Osborne Klavestad from the Stagecoach Museum in Shakopee, Minnesota and he stated that, "The Colt Buntline is probably the finest specimen in existence today, being mint, original, unfired and complete with stock." The $386,000 price tag is remarkable but not unexpected for a near new, one-of-two, Colt Buntline SAA revolver.
Snatching the number 4 spot on our list is a Colt SAA accompanied by a Letter of Authentication from Colt Single Action Army expert John A. Kopec that heaps praise upon the revolver that can summarized with the following:
The overall finish of this revolver remains today in "as new" condition... This revolver remains today in un-fired condition. The factory applied blued finish remains within the bore and cylinder chambers.
The letter describes the casehardening as "near-new" maintaining 99% of its Colt "military blue" finish on the barrel, cylinder, trigger guard, and back strap. The screws and trigger display beautifully vibrant nitre blue coloring, and the oil-finish on its one-piece black walnut grips still shines. So many elements on this gun are in perfect condition, it is almost unbelievable to see a gun age with such grace.
This revolver is 1 of the 150 Colt Single Action Army revolvers delivered to U.S. government inspectors Lieutenant David A. Lyle and Sub-Inspector David F. Clark on April 21, 1880. Its condition sets it apart from almost all other Colt Single Action Army revolvers, not just martial arms. It is a time capsule in condition and the finest Colt Cavalry SAA revolver RIAC has ever sold. Its well deserved $403,500 price realized came as no shock based purely off the condition of this unsurpassed gun.
Our YouTube video of this gorgeous SAA took 24 minutes for RIAC President Kevin Hogan to cover all the history, significance, provenance, rarity, and artistry on this incredible wheelgun. Thankfully, he took the time to do so since so little is documented on these rare panel scene engraved Single Action Army revolvers. They have immediate ties to some of the World’s Fairs held in the late 19th century, history’s most notable master engravers, and the top firearms collections of the last 100 years.
There are only 5 or 6 known genuine panel scene Colts in the wild, so to have one come through our doors was truly a honor and a privilege. This particular example was likely part of the Colt display at an exhibition in Europe, and presented to a person of note (hence why it was not returned to Colt). It has been through collections in Italy and Germany, but finally made its way back to the United States much to the collectors of Colts and high art firearms.
The most sought after and desirable form of a Colt Single Action Army revolver is a Buntline Special, so it is no wonder that two of the top four guns on this list are exactly that. Buntline Specials were produced in serial range 28,800-28,830 and a minuscule amount of 18 revolvers are recorded as a Buntlines in that range in Colt's factory records with only 10 revolvers noted as having 16-inch barrels.
Accompanied by two factory letters and years of official documentation, this is the best documented Colt Buntline Special SAA revolver in existence. This revolver has been examined and written about by experts over the decades and can be found in books like A Study of the Colt Revolver by Ron Graham, John Kopek, and Kenneth Moore. With all its original parts and with its blue finish still showing through, this revolver is an unexpected rarity and very well deserving of it $546,250 price realized.
Ordered shortly before his 54th birthday, this revolver is not only extremely beautiful but carries serious historical significance with it. It was said that after an attempted assassination on his life failed only four days prior to ordering this gun, Roosevelt never left home unarmed again.
Theodore Roosevelt's Colt Single Action Army revolver sold during Rock Island Auction Company's 2020 December Premier Auction for $1,466,250.
Unlike many of the other famous firearms owned by Roosevelt that have been institutionalized (such as his Holland & Holland Double Rifle "Big Stick" now on display at the Smithsonian), this Colt Single Action Army revolver is a recent discovery and is perhaps the most highly embellished firearm owned by the 26th President still in circulation. Its significance is further amplified by the impeccable documentation placing this specific revolver in the hands of Theodore Roosevelt late in his 1912 presidential campaign for the "Bull Moose" Party.
The revolver features beautiful engravings by Colt Master Engraver, Cuno Helfricht. Mainly consisting of classic scroll patterns backed by punch-dots, as well as some entwining lines, checkered patterns, and floral accents, it is incredibly difficult to spot even one small portion of the revolver that isn't magnificently covered. Chambered in .38 Long and featuring an extraordinarily detailed carved steer head on the grip, Colt seems to be boasting its ability to walk a tight rope between brute strength and refined beauty. While a Colt medallion immediately catches the eye, it is the contrast between silver and ivory tones on the gun that captivates the viewer's attention. Estimated at $350,000-$550,000, Theodore Roosevelt’s revolver blew past this evaluation and sold for a whopping $1,466,250.
There you have it, the top 10 Colt Single Action Army revolvers Rock Island Auction Company has sold over the last ten years. These revolvers are some of the most iconic and beautiful old guns a person could dream about adding to their collection. We always have a wide variety of Colt Single Action Army revolvers in our auction catalogs. Be sure to browse through them during the year to try and win your own piece of Colt firearms history.
As always, if there are any questions regarding consignment, registration, and future auctions, please contact Rock Island Auction Company. Excellence is a destination at Rock Island Auction Company, so be sure to check back to see updates to this list as more auctions are finished.
Thanks for the research and information you have put together, on these Colt's.
Love the history,love the colts,love the pictures!
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